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Alabama

This page shows scores for the state of Alabama in six major areas:

Summary of Grades
Student Achievement
Standards & Accountability
Improving Teacher Quality
School Climate
Resources: Adequacy
Resources: Equity

To compare data from one or more states, go to State Data Comparisons.

Summary of Grades
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Summary of Grades by State data table.

NOTE: ? Indicates state did not participate in national assessment, survey, or data collection.
1California did not receive a grade for school climate because the state has dramatically reduced class size but the data do not reflect it.
2Hawaii has a single statewide district.
 

Alabama

STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
(% scoring at or above "proficient")
4th grade NAEP reading (1998) 24
8th grade NAEP reading (1998) 21
8th grade NAEP writing (1998) 17
4th grade NAEP math (1996) 11
8th grade NAEP math (1996) 12
8th grade NAEP science (1996) 18
STANDARDS AND ACCOUNTABILITY C+
IMPROVING TEACHER QUALITY D
SCHOOL CLIMATE F
RESOURCES: Adequacy B-
RESOURCES: Equity C


Student Achievement
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Student
Achievement
data table.

NOTE: States are ranked by % proficient, then by % basic; ties are ranked alphabetically.
? Indicates state did not participate in national assessment, survey, or data collection. Percentages may not add up to 100 because of rounding.
1Statistically significant change in the percent of students scoring at or above proficient. The data are only available for 4th grade reading and math and 8th grade math.
 

Alabama

READING (all figures in percents)
4th grader performance on the 1998 NAEP reading exam
At or above proficient 24
Basic 32
Below basic 44
Statistically significant change since 19921  
READING (all figures in percents)
8th grader performance on the 1998 NAEP reading exam
At or above proficient 21
Basic 45
Below basic 34
WRITING (all figures in percents)
8th grader performance on the 1998 NAEP writing exam
At or above proficient 17
Basic 66
Below basic 17
MATH (all figures in percents)
4th grader performance on the 1996 NAEP mathematics exam
At or above proficient 11
Basic 37
Below basic 52
Statistically significant change since 19921  
MATH (all figures in percents)
8th grader performance on the 1996 NAEP mathematics exam
At or above proficient 12
Basic 33
Below basic 55
Statistically significant change since 19921  
SCIENCE (all figures in percents)
8th grader performance on the 1996 NAEP science exam
At or above proficient 18
Basic 29
Below Basic 53
UNGRADED: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
State finances statewide prekindergarten services (2000)  
% of public high schools offering Advanced Placement courses (2000) 38
% of 8th graders taking an algebra class (1996) 21
% of students taking upper-level mathematics courses (1998) 27
% of students taking upper-level science courses (1998) 19
% of 16- to 19-year-olds not in school who had not graduated (1997) 11
% of 9th to 12th graders who dropped out of school (1998) 4.8
% of high school grads enrolled in a two- or four-year college (1996) 61


Standards and Accountability
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Standards and Accountability data table.

NOTE: States are ranked by number grade to the nearest decimal; ties are ranked alphabetically.
HS
= High school level; MS = Middle school level; ES = Elementary school  level.
 

Alabama

GRADE C+ 79
STANDARDS 40% of grade
State has adopted standards in core academic subjects (2000)
State has clear and specific standards in English/language arts. (Fall 2000) ES
State has clear and specific standards in Mathematics. (Fall 2000) ES MS HS
State has clear and specific standards in Science. (Fall 2000) ES MS
State has clear and specific standards in Social studies. (Fall 2000) ES MS HS
ASSESSMENTS 30% of grade
Types of test items state uses to measure student or school performance:
Multiple choice ES MS HS
Short answer  
Extended response in English ES MS
Extended response in other subject(s)  
Portfolio  
Subjects in which state uses criterion-referenced assessments aligned to state standards
English ES MS HS
Mathematics HS
History/social studies HS
Science HS
State participated in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2000)
ACCOUNTABILITY 30% of grade 
State holds schools accountable for performance (2000)
Report cards
Ratings
Rewards
Assistance
Sanctions


Improving Teacher Quality
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Improving Teacher Quality data table.

NOTE: States are ranked by number grade to the nearest decimal; ties are ranked alphabetically
1State requires test but not for beginning license.
2State holds teacher-training programs accountable.
3State requires a non-education major, but certification need not be in that subject area.
4State requires a non-education minor, but certification need not be in that subject area.
5State requires subject concentration on elementary certificate if used in middle school.
aEducation Week converted semester-hour requirements into weeks.
bColorado requires 800 hours of student teaching and other kinds of clinical experiences. Education Week converted 400 of these hours to estimate the minimum number of weeks required for student teaching.
 

Alabama

GRADE D 66
TEACHER ASSESSMENT 35% of grade
State requires written tests in basic skills for beginning-teacher license (2000)
State requires written tests in subject knowledge for beginning-teacher license (2000)  
State requires written tests in subject- specific pedagogy for beginning-teacher license (2000)  
State requires performance assessment for second stage of certification by local team evaluation (2000)  
State requires state performance assessment for second stage of certification with classroom observation (2000)  
State requires state performance assessment for second stage of certification with videotaped lesson (2000)  
State requires state performance assessment for second stage of certification with portfolio (2000)  
State provides licensure incentives to earn National Board certification (2000)
State provides financial incentives to earn National Board certification (2000)
Number of National Board-certified teachers (2000) 147
TEACHING IN FIELD 30% of grade
% of secondary teachers who hold a degree in the subject they teach (1994) 63
Minimum degree/coursework required for initial secondary license for all high school teachers (2000)  
Minimum degree/coursework required for initial secondary license for all middle school teachers (2000)  
State discourages out-of-field teaching and requires subject-area license for middle school (2000)
State discourages out-of-field teaching and provides parent notification or data on school report card (2000)  
PROFESSIONAL SUPPORT & TRAINING 20% of grade
State requires and finances induction for beginning teachers (2000)  
State encourages or supports ongoing professional development for all teachers by setting aside time for professional development (2000)
State encourages or supports ongoing professional development for teachers by funding professional development (2000)
TEACHER EDUCATION 15% of grade
Teacher-training programs held accountable for graduates' assessment scores (2000)  
Minimum weeks for student teaching (2000) 12
State requires other kinds of clinical experiences (2000)  


School Climate
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state School Climate data table.

NOTE: States are ranked by number grade to the nearest decimal; ties are ranked alphabetically.
?
Indicates state did not participate in national assessment, survey, or data collection.
1California did not receive a grade because the state has dramatically reduced class size, but the data do not reflect it.
*Total  includes 37 charter schools in the District of Columbia.
 

Alabama

GRADE F 56
CLASS SIZE 35% of grade
% of 4th graders in classes of 25 or fewer students (1998) 75
% of 8th graders in reading classes of 25 or fewer students (1998) 66
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT 20% of grade
% of 8th graders in schools reporting that absenteeism is not a problem or is a minor problem (1998) 74
tardiness is not a problem or is a minor problem (1998) 61
classroom misbehavior is not a problem or is a minor problem (1998) 54
PARENT INVOLVEMENT 20% of grade
% of 8th graders in schools reporting that lack of parent involvement is not a problem or is a minor problem (1998) 44
more than half of parents participate in open house or back-to-school nights (1998) 33
more than half of parents participate in parent-teacher conferences (1998) 20
CHOICE AND AUTONOMY 25% of grade
State public school open-enrollment programs (2000) Statewide  
Limited (interdistrict voluntary or intradistrict)  
None
State law allows charter schools (2000)  
Strength of charter school legislation as grade point average (2000) ?
Number of charters (2000) ?
UNGRADED: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
% of students in high schools with 900 or fewer students (1998) 50
% of students in middle schools with 600 or fewer students (1998) 43
% of students in elementary schools of 350 or fewer students (1998) 18
UNGRADED: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
% of students in schools reporting that physical conflicts are a serious or moderate problem: 4th grade (1998) 13
physical conflicts are a serious or moderate problem: 8th grade (1998) 23
% of 8th graders in schools reporting that gang activity is a serious or a moderate problem (1998) 8
vandalism is a serious or a moderate problem (1998) 10
% of high school students who felt too unsafe to go to school during the past 30 days (1999) 5.2
carried a weapon on school property during the past 30 days (1999) 9.6
were threatened or injured with a weapon on school property in the past year (1999) 7.5
were in a physical fight on school property in the past year (1999) 13.5


Resources: Adequacy
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Resources: Adequacy data table.

1Adjusted to reflect regional cost differences.
2Adjusted for inflation (1999) dollars.
3Adjusted to reflect regional cost differences and weighted for student needs.
4Data on special education student enrollment, used to adjust spending figures, were missing for these states.
 

Alabama

GRADE B- 82
ADEQUACY
Education spending per student (1999)1 $5,626
% change from previous year 5.1
Average annual rate of change in expenditures per pupil 1989-992 2.1%
% of total taxable resources spent on education (1998) 3.6
UNGRADED: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
% of students in districts that have expenditure levels at or above the national median ($4,600.97) (1996-1997)3 16
% of students in districts that have expenditure levels at or above the national average ($4,874.28) (1996-1997)3 5
% of students in districts that have expenditure levels at or above $5,000 or greater per pupil (1996-1997)3 4
% of students in districts that have expenditure levels at or above $6,000 or greater per pupil (1996-1997)3 0
% of students in districts that have expenditure levels at or above $7,000 or greater per pupil (1996-1997)3 0
Unadjusted education spending per student (1999) $5,022
Education spending for every $1,000 in state wealth (gross state product) (1998) $36.44
% of annual education expenditure spent on instruction (1998) 61.1
Total instructional dollars per student (1998)1 $3,320
Support services expenditures per pupil (1998)1 $1,731
Average teacher starting salaries, adjusted for cost of living (1998) $32,467
Average teacher salary, adjusted for cost of living (all teachers) (1998) $36,688
Teachers as a percentage of total school system staff (1999) 54.5
% of education expenditures devoted to teachers (1999) 45.6
Students per instructional multimedia computer (1999) 11.5
% of schools reporting at least one building in inadequate condition (1994) 39


Resources: Equity
For more information about these measures, see our 50-state Resources: Equity data table.

NOTE: States are ranked by number grade to the nearest decimal; ties are ranked alphabetically.
1Hawaii has a single statewide district.
2Figures adjusted to reflect regional cost differences and weighted for student needs. Students in poverty equal 1.2 and students in special education equal 2.3.
3Data on special education student enrollment, used to adjust spending figures, are missing for these states.
 

Alabama

OVERALL GRADE FOR EQUITY

C

74

50% of grade
State equilization effort (1997) Overall score 71.8%
Targeting score -0.03
State share of funding 69.5%
25% of grade
Wealth-neutrality score2 (1997) 0.105
12.5% of grade
McLoone Index2 (1997) 0.9349
12.5% of grade
Relative inequity in spending per student among districts (coefficient of variation)2(1997) 9.4%
UNGRADED: ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Implicit-foundation level $2,885
Average state funding per pupil2(1997) $2,791
Average state and local funding per pupil2(1997) $4,017
Restricted range1(1997) $1,115
Restricted-range ratio3 (1997) 33.6%

 



2001 Editorial Projects in Education Vol. 20, number 17, page web only